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Popular Traditional Culture
Mario Fernández would narrate that Lutgarda Fernández was a slave at the Aurelia sugar mill in Ranchuelo and that Don Sotero Escarza, the owner of the Portugalete sugar mill (currently Elpidio Gómez) acquired her as housekeeper. At that sugar mill she united to Antonio Cabrera and other slaves and soon she was well known for her religious practices.
In the book of the Society there is still preserved a proposal for the Rules dating from April 1915. The article 9 stated that there were parties in the hall with Portuguese music, which is a covere way to refer that they would play their own music. It really attracts the attention the fact that there is no allusion to them in the Rules. In addition, this document is distinguished by setting the input of members divided into four classes: founders, merit, number and correspondent.
Pablo Sevilla assures that it founded by a slave from Trinidad, Nicolás Sevilla Solano, who was a captain from the Liberation Army.
It is recorded in the book of the society which was formalized on May 22nd, 1913 at Tránsito Street and Independencia Street; the President was Brígido Tardío and the Secretary was Antonio Pérez. If we analyze the directors it is clear that in general they are not the main religious personalities that really lead and who are remembered.
During early 20th century in the town of Palmira four recreation societies were founded in this town located near the city Cienfuegos, but their real purpose was to practice their religion: the Rule of Ocha. Santa Barbara, San Roque of Portugal, El Cristo and Santa Teresa, the last one disappeared early due to economic reasons. When reading the different regulations of these societies conserved in the Ministry of Justice, it is observed how in a general way all of them demanded the usual order, decency, composure, inappropriate words and even "cleanliness" which require the "most elemental culture and in a way that do not smear the reputation of the Society".